CPR for Dogs and Cats


For Dogs:

CPR for Dogs and Puppies Less Than 30 Pounds (14 kg)b:

  1. Lay the dog on either side on as flat a surface as possible that's nearby.
  2. Place one hand on the front and back of the dog's upper left side (where the heart is).
  3. Press the chest and let go for a count of one. Repeat 100-120 compressions per minute.
  4. Close the dog’s mouth and give 2 breaths into nose every 30 compressions. If possible, have another person do the respiration.
  5. Continue CPR and respiration until the dog begins breathing and heartbeat returns.
  6. Transport the dog immediately to the Veterinarian or after hours Emergency Clinic during CPR if someone else can drive; if not immediately following.


CPR for Medium/Large Dogs Over 30 Pounds (14 kg):
The steps are the same, except:

  • For barrel-chested dogs (like Bulldogs) you can place the dog on it's back.
  • Place one one hand palm-down on the dog’s rib cage over the heart region, and place your other hand (palm down) on top of it. Without bending your elbows, press the rib cage down.



For Cats:

  1. Pull the cat’s tongue to front of mouth, then close and hold mouth shut firmly but gently.
  2. Make sure the cat’s neck is straight.
  3. Breathe short puffs of air into cat's nose, one breath every 4 to 5 seconds; repeat 3 to 5 times.
  4. Check for heartbeat and breathing:

              If a heartbeat is present but breathing is absent, continue at 10 breaths/minute.

              If a heartbeat is absent, begin chest compressions in addition to breathing

     

     Chest Compressions:

  1. Lay your cat on either side on as flat a surface as possible that's nearby.
  2. Place your thumb and fingers on either side of cat's chest, behind cat's elbows and over heart.
  3. Give a quick squeeze to compress the chest by about 1/3 third (of body circumference).
  4. Compress the chest 100-120 times per minute, with 2 breaths every 30 compressions. If possible, have another person do the respiration.
  5. Transport the cat immediately to the Veterinarian or after hours Emergency Clinic during CPR if someone else can drive; if not immediately following.


Heimlech Maneuver for Pets that are Choking

Normal Temp, Resp, and Heart Rates for Pets


References:
PetMD